Secured vs Unsecured Loan : What’s The Difference ?


Fincrif India

Sep 22

04:23 AM

Unsecured loans are more prevalent than secured loans, but because they are solely secured by your creditworthiness, their interest rates may be higher.

Loans that are secured require collateral, but loans that are unsecured do not. This is the major distinction between secured and unsecured loans.

Unsecured loans are more prevalent than secured loans, but because they are solely secured by your creditworthiness, their interest rates may be higher.

The main distinctions between secured and unsecured personal loans, as well as which lenders provide each type of loan, are listed here.

Secured vs. unsecured loan



Secured loan

In comparison to an unsecured loan, getting approved could be simpler if your credit score is poor.

The lender has the right to take the collateral if you default on the loan.

Unsecured loan

No collateral is needed, so you won't have to worry about losing something valuable.

To get the greatest offer, you'll need to have a high credit score and stable resources.

How does secured loan work ? 

In order to qualify for a secured loan, you must provide collateral throughout the application procedure, such as your automobile or an investment account. You can strengthen your application with collateral to receive a personal loan with a lower interest rate or a larger loan amount, but you run the risk of losing your asset if you can't pay back the loan.

What to know about secured loans ? 


Personal loans with collateral may be more accessible to borrowers who meet certain criteria. When evaluating your application, a lender will take into account your credit history, score, income, and debts. However, including collateral might reduce the lender's risk and increase its confidence in approving your loan.


Secured loans often carry lower APRs than unsecured loans. The value of your collateral may have an impact on your rate because rates are calculated using the same criteria that lenders consider when determining your eligibility.

The worth of the car is taken into consideration when determining whether you qualify for financing and the interest rate you will receive, for instance.


Secured personal loans are typically repaid over the course of a few years in set, fixed-amount monthly installments. Secured loans could have variable interest rates, which would necessitate changing monthly payments.


There are two consequences for defaulting on a secured loan: After just a few missing payments, your credit will decrease, and the lender has the right to confiscate the collateral.

Even one late payment can trigger a 100-point loss in your credit score, and since the loan is secured, the effect won't be lessened.

Where to get them

Secured loans are available from banks, credit unions, and online lenders; however, banks and credit unions tend to provide them more frequently. These loans are frequently backed by savings or certificates of deposit, which are ordinarily unavailable to you until the loan is fully returned.

Oportun, Upgrade, and OneMain are three online lenders who provide secured loans and typically need a vehicle as collateral. Before extending your credit, the lender could want an appraisal of the car.

Use of secured loan 

A secured personal loan's proceeds are virtually always usable for whatever you want. You may use your automobile as collateral for the loan, but you could also utilise the money for a home repair project or another significant investment.

How does an unsecured loan work?

Since there is no need for security for an unsecured loan, your credit will be used to determine whether you are approved. This may result in some borrowers paying higher interest than they would with a secured loan, but they won't run the danger of losing an asset.

What to know about secured loans ? 


The best chances of approval for an unsecured loan often go to borrowers with strong and exceptional credit (690 credit score or better). For the purpose of determining your eligibility, lenders look at your credit history, debt-to-income ratio, and credit score. Some lenders also take into account supplementary information, such as your college degree and current residence.


The normal fixed rate range for unsecured loans is between 6% and 36%. Borrowers with the highest qualifications typically receive the lowest APRs, while those with fair or poor credit (689 credit score or lower) would pay higher rates.


Payment lengths range from two to seven years for unsecure loans, which are paid back in set, monthly installments.


Some borrowers might find that unsecured loans are a better option. Just your credit will be impacted if you don't pay back. If you're unable to make your regular payments, some lenders can let you enter a hardship plan. These schemes may entail reducing or delaying regular payments.

The loan may be transferred to collections if you miss a payment, and the collection agency may ultimately take you to court if the debt is in default, which occurs between 30 and 90 days later.

Where to find them

Online lenders may provide low rates along with benefits like quick funding and an entirely online application process.

Unsecured loans aren't available from all banks. If you're an existing customer, banks might give you a better deal. Credit unions additionally provide unsecured loans.

Uses for unsecured loans

Using the money from an unsecured personal loan is generally not subject to any restrictions. Home renovation initiatives and debt consolidation are two frequent uses that can both help you have a better financial situation overall.

Personal loans are normally not advised in this situation because there may be other cost-effective ways to pay; nonetheless, unsecured loans for relocating, weddings, and vacations are frequently used.

Should you get a secured or unsecured personal loan?

Consider pre-qualifying to see what rates a lender may be able to provide you if you believe an unsecured loan could be a good fit for your financial requirements. Pre-qualifying doesn't have an impact on your credit and might help you determine how the monthly payments will work with your spending plan.

If you believe a secured loan would be preferable, ask yourself if the risk is worthwhile. For instance, losing your automobile could result in you losing money if you depend on it to travel to work and a lender needs it as collateral.

Loan Disbursal in 3 hrs*
100% Online Process

More Blogs

How Personal Loans Have Changed Throughout Time in India

Owing to the enormous demand for personal loans and the abundance of lenders, each one develops creative strategies to increase the number of loans it offers via digital channels.

The Link Between Personal Loans and Financial Freedom

While pursuing financial independence, taking out a personal loan can have drawbacks. When properly applied, they can be an effective instrument for improving your financial status, making smart investments, and consolidating debt.